5 Ways to pay less tax
Tax is a necessary evil. If we want to live in a country with access to public services, taxation is the system used to pay for these services. We can (and do!) argue and moan about the different levels of tax payable and whether they are levied fairly. But at the end of the day, the money to be used for public services has to be collected somewhere.
While most people accept that tax must be collected, most people certainly do not want to pay more than their fair share. So as we approach the 31st October tax payment deadline for individuals, we’ve set out 5 ways that can help you to reduce your tax burden either now or in the future. All of these are perfectly legitimate and are not considered aggressive tax practices – they are simply good tax housekeeping that is sometimes ignored.
Claim relief for your medical expenses
It still amazes us how many people let this one slip by… You can claim standard rate relief (20%) for all the medical expenses that you pay for – typically your own, your family’s and in some cases where you pay other people’s expenses. Most medical costs qualify and when you add up all those doctor visits, prescriptions, physio sessions, hospital consultations, x-rays etc., they can amount to a tidy sum. On top of this, some dental procedures such as crowns and gum treatments also qualify. Your claim is reduced by amounts claimed back from health insurers.
The process is so simple. You claim as part of your tax return and you can even go back and claim for the last four years. There might be the cost of a holiday coming back to you, to help the recovery from all your ails…
Make a pension / AVC contribution
With this one, you need to make a pension contribution payment in order to gain the benefit, but there is a growing awareness of the need to provide for our own retirement needs. The state pension scheme is creaking at the seams and the state retirement age has already slipped out to age 68 – who knows how much further out it will go? We all need to save our futures, and pensions are usually the most effective way to do so.
Pension contributions attract a number of tax benefits,
- Your contributions qualify for marginal (higher) rate tax relief within certain limits
- Your pension fund grows free of all taxes
- You can take a portion of your fund tax-free at retirement, with other tax mitigating strategies being deployed in relation to the balance.
Annual gift exemption
Another one to save tax in the future. When you die and leave wealth behind you, this often results in tax liabilities for your estate beneficiaries. One of the ways to reduce this tax liability is to gift money to your future beneficiaries while you’re still alive. Any person can gift another person up to €3,000 p.a. without a tax liability. So for example, a couple in their later years could each gift €3,000 to their children, sons & daughters-in-law and their grandchildren etc. every year. They don’t have to be directly related. This could significantly reduce the amount eventually to be inherited and could significantly reduce or remove any tax liability.
Be clever with financial protection
Some people unfortunately still think that all life assurance policies and illness benefits are all the same. They are not. Some can be used for specific purposes while attracting tax benefits – for example Section 60 policies that are used to pay an inheritance tax bill are exempt from inheritance tax themselves. Others such as certain life assurance policies and Permanent Health